While many of us take the internet for granted, large parts of the world are still unconnected. In big towns and cities providing connectivity with cell towers is economical as there are lots of people and they are wanting to connected but the further away from these towns and cities, there are fewer people and the internet connectivity just stops.
Richard level Chief Technical Architect at Google told the BBC – “just because in principle you could take a satellite phone to Sub-Saharan Africa and get a connection there it doesn’t mean the people have a cost-effective way of getting online”.
To bring the Internet to people in these areas we need to look up, way up, into the stratosphere. from here we can provide connectivity across much larger areas, bringing the benefits of the Internet to more people.
So how do we get there?
With balloons. really big balloons.
How Balloons provides Internet
Beginning the journey from one of Google’s custom-built balloon launchers. Google balloons are filled with lighter-than-air gas and released up into the skies rising 20 kilometers into the stratosphere. Google loons float twice as high as airplanes, well above weather and wildlife, to get to where they need to go. Google loons sail the winds by moving up or down into different wind currents traveling in different directions joining other balloons in small teams over areas where connectivity is needed.
Google has launched thirty balloons into the Stratosphere layer from New Zealand because it experiments with ways in which to bring cheap web access to the planet, nicknamed Project Loon. The Internet giant Google is causation the super pressure balloons twelve miles up into the air wherever they’ll sail around the globe, that is double the altitude of airplanes. The helium-filled balloons inflate 249 feet in diameter and carry transmitters that would beam 3G speed web to a number of the 4.8 billion individuals within the world that don’t seem to be nonetheless on-line. This project loon is going to supply a vicinity of concerning 780 sq. miles double the scale of New York City.
How project Loons works
Ground stations connected to local Internet service providers send the signal up to the balloons and then back down to the ground over large distances allowing people to connect directly to the internet with an LTE mobile phone.
When it is eventually time for Google loons to come down, they navigate them to remote areas and work with local air traffic control to manage their slow descent down to earth where they’recollected by recovery teams. By repeating this process at scale, Google hopes to provide continued connectivity to users on the ground bringing the Internet to more people in more places around the world.
Goal of Project Loon
The basic goal of Google’s Project Loon is to bring internet connectivity to the almost two out of three people in the world who don’t have internet access today. Google X- a part of Alphabet is doing that using high altitude balloons.
The very first test Google did showed that it could work, so they began to think :
- They are going to need to have a manufacturing system that can manufacture many many of these balloons. They are going to need to have a mission control system that can keep track of the balloons.
- They are going to need to have an Operations team that can launch these balloons and then recover them when they’re ready to come down.
So, each piece of the process got bigger, so Google’s Project Loon had to be scaled up.